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Roman Rulers

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Rome's Legendary Kings

Year Name
753-717 BC ROMULUS
715-673 BC NUMA POMPILIUS
673-642 BC TULLUS HOSTILIUS
642-617 BC ANCUS MARTIUS
616-579 BC L. TARQUINIUS PRISCUS
578-535 BC SERVIUS TULLUS
535-510 BC L. TARQUINIUS SUPERBUS

Leading Statesmen of the Republic

Year Name
509 BC Licius Junius BRUTUS consul
486 BC SPUIUS CASSIUS consul
485-479 BC consulship held by patrician family the FABII
458 BC Lucius Quinctius CINCINNATUS dictator
451-450 BC The Decemvirs council of ten
377 BC G. LICINIUS Stolo & Lucius SEXTIUS consuls
367 BC M. Furius CAMILLUS dictator
356 BC G. Marcus RUTILUS first plebian dictator
312 BC APPIUS CLAUDIUS Caecus censor
217 BC Q. FABIUS MAXIMUS dictator
205, 194 BC P. Cornelius SCIPIO (AFRICANUS) consul
184 BC M. Porcius CATO censor
168 BC L. Aemilius Paulus consul
142 BC P. SCIPIO AEMILIANUS & L. MUMMIUS consul
133 BC TIBERIUS GRACCHUS tribune
123-122 BC GAIUS GRACCHUS tribune
115 BC M. Aemilius SCAURUS princeps senatus
109 BC Q. Caecilius METELLUS consul
107-86 BC G. MARIUS consul 7 times
81-79 BC Licius Cornelius SULLA dictator
66 BC Gn Pompeius (POMPEY) extraordinary powers
63 BC M. Tullius CICERO consul
60-53 BC First Triumvirate:
POMPEY; G. JULIUS CAESAR; M. Licinius CRASSUS
49-44 BC JULIUS CAESAR dictator
43-36 BC Second Triumvirate:
G. Julius Caesar Octavianus (OCTAVIAN); Marcus Antonius (MARK ANTONY); M. Aemilius LEPIDUS
30-27 BC OCTAVIAN consul with special powers

Emperors

Year Name
The Julio-Claudian Dynasty
27 BC - 14 AD Caesar AUGUSTUS (Octavian)
14-37 AD TIBERIUS Claudius Nero
37-41 AD Giaus Caesar Germanicus (CALIGULA)
41-54 AD Tiberius CLAUDIUS Nero Germanicus
54-68 AD NERO Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus
*
68-69 AD Servius Sulpicius GALBA
69 AD M. Salvius OTHO
69 AD Aulus VITELLIUS
The Flavian Dynasty
69-79 AD T. Flavius Vespasianus (VESPASIAN)
79-81 AD TITUS Flavius Vespasianus
81-96 AD T. Flavius Domitianus (DOMITIAN)
The Adoptive Emperors
96-98 AD M. Cocceius NERVA
98-117 AD Marcus Ulpius Traianus (TRAJAN)
117-138 AD P. Aelius Hadrianus (HADRIAN)
138-161 AD T. Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus (ANTONIUS PIUS)
161-180 AD Marcus Aelius Aurelius Verus (MARCUS AURELIUS)
161-169 AD L. Aurelius Verus (LUCIUS VERUS) associate emperor with Marcus Aurelius
180-192 AD L. Aurelius COMMODUS
*
193 AD P. Helvius PERTINAX
193 AD M. DIDIUS JULIANUS
193-194 AD G. PESCENNIUS NIGER
193-197 AD Decimus CLODIUS ALBINUS
The Severan Dynasty
193-211 AD Licius SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
211-217 AD M. Aurelius Antonius (CARACALLA)
211-212 P. Septimius GETA
217-218 AD M. Opellius MACRINUS
218-222 AD M. Aurelius Antoninus (ELAGABALUS)
222-235 AD M. Aurelius SEVERUS ALEXANDER
*
235-238 AD G. Julius Verus MAXIMINUS
238-244 AD M. Antonius Gordianus (GORDIAN III)
244-249 AD M. Julius Philippus (PHILIP)
249-251 AD G. Messius Quintus Traianus Decius (TRAJAN DECIUS)
251-253 AD G. Vibius TREBONIANUS GALLUS
253-260 AD P. Licinius Valerianus (VALERIAN)
253-268 AD P. Licinius Egnatius GALLIENUS
Gallic Emperors
259-268 AD M. Cassianius Latinius POSTUMUS
268-270 AD M. Piavonius VICTORINUS
270-273 AD G. Pius Esuvius TETRICUS
The Illyrian Emperors
268-270 AD M. Aurelius CLAUDIUS II "GOTHICUS"
270-275 AD L. Domitius Aurelianus (AURELIAN)
275-276 AD M. Claudius TACITUS
276-282 AD M. Aurelius PROBUS
282-283 AD M. Aurelius CARUS
283-284 AD M. Aurelius Nemerius Numerianus (NUMBERIAN)
283-285 AD M. Aurelius CARINUS
284-305 AD G. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (DIOCLETIAN)
The Tetrarchy
West East
286-305 AD M. Aurelius Valerius MAXIMIANUS
284-305 AD DIOCLETIAN
305-306 AD Flavius Valerius CONSTANTIUS
305-311 C. GALERIUS Valerius Maximianus
306-312 AD M. Aurelius Valerius MAXENTIUS usurper in Rome
 
307-337 AD Flavius Valerius Constantinus (CONSTANTINE I)
308-324 AD C. Valerius Licinianus LICINIUS
The House of Constantine
307-337 AD CONSTANTINE I "The Great" sole emperor from 324
337-340 AD Flavius Claudius Constantinus (CONSTANTINE II)
337-350 AD Flavius Julius CONSTANS
337-61 AD Flavius Julius CONSTANTIUS (II)
350-353 AD Flavius Magnus MAGNENTIUS usurper in the West
360-363 AD Flavius Claudius Julianus (JULIAN "The Apostate")
*
363-364 AD Flavius Jovianus (JOVIAN)
The House of Valentinian
West East
364-375 AD Flavius Valentinianus (VALENTINIAN I)
364-378 AD Flavius VALENS
375-383 AD Flavius Gratianus (GRATIAN)
379-395 AD Flavius THEODOSIUS (I)
383-388 AD MAGNUS MAXIMUS usurper
 
388-392 AD Valentinianus (VALENTINIAN II)
 
392-394 AD EUGENIUS usurper
 
The House of Thedosius
379-395 AD THEODOSIUS I sole emperor 394-395
395-432 AD HONORIUS
395-402 AD ARCADIUS
 
402-450 AD THEODOSIUS II
*
423-425 AD JOHANNES
 
424-455 AD Placidius Valentinanus (VALENTINIAN III)
450-457 AD MARCIAN
455 AD Petroius MAXIMUS
 
455-456 AD AVITUS
 
457-461 AD Julius Miaorianus (MAJORIAN)
457-474 AD LEO
461-465 AD Libius SEVERUS
 
467-472 AD Procopius ANTHEMIUS
 
472 AD Anicius OLYBRIUS
 
473-474 AD GLYCERIUS
 
474-475 AD JULIUS NEPOS
474-491 AD ZENO
475-476 AD Romulus Augustus (AUGUSTULUS)
 
 
491-518 AD ANASTASIUS
 
518-527 AD JUSTIN I
 
402-450 AD JUSTINIAN I
     
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